# Tutor Hunt Questions

“Express 3sinθ+5sinθ in the form Rsin(θ+α)

7 years ago

Maths Question asked by Matt

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Hi there,
Did you mean either 3sinθ + 5cosθ? Or 3cosθ + 5sinθ?
Chris

Are you sure that the question gives 3sinθ+5sinθ, and not 3sinθ+5cosθ?

I changed the question to what I think was meant.

3 of something plus 5 of something is just 8 of something
So 3sinθ + 5sinθ = 8sinθ

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## 10 Answers

3 of something plus 5 of something is just 8 of something

So 3sinθ + 5sinθ = 8sinθ

So 3sinθ + 5sinθ = 8sinθ

Answered by Michael | 7 years ago

3sinW +5sinW = Rsin(W + a): I take it that the question is :

3sinW + 5cosW = Rsin(W + a)

So Rsin(W + a) = R(sinW*cosa + cosW*sina)

= (Rcosa)sinW + (Rsina)cosW

Compare 3sinW + 5cosW with (Rcosa)sinW + (Rsina)cosW

Clearly Rsina = 5

Rcosa = 3

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so (Rsina)*(Rsina) + (Rcosa)*(Rcosa) = 3*3 + 5*5

then R*R( sina*sina + cosa *cosa) = 34 NB. ( sina*sina + cosa *cosa) = 1

thus R*R = 34

R = square root of 34 =1.73

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Rsina/Rcosa =5/3

sina/cosa = 5/3

tana = 5/3

a = inverse tan (5/3) = 59.0 degrees

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so 3sinW + 5CosW = 1.73sin( W + 59.0)

3sinW + 5cosW = Rsin(W + a)

So Rsin(W + a) = R(sinW*cosa + cosW*sina)

= (Rcosa)sinW + (Rsina)cosW

Compare 3sinW + 5cosW with (Rcosa)sinW + (Rsina)cosW

Clearly Rsina = 5

Rcosa = 3

________________________________________________________________

so (Rsina)*(Rsina) + (Rcosa)*(Rcosa) = 3*3 + 5*5

then R*R( sina*sina + cosa *cosa) = 34 NB. ( sina*sina + cosa *cosa) = 1

thus R*R = 34

R = square root of 34 =1.73

______________________________________________________________-

Rsina/Rcosa =5/3

sina/cosa = 5/3

tana = 5/3

a = inverse tan (5/3) = 59.0 degrees

________________________________________________________________

so 3sinW + 5CosW = 1.73sin( W + 59.0)

As I believe your original question was

"Express 3sinθ + 5cosθ in the form Rsin(θ+α)"

this is how you would work it out:

1. Expand Rsin(θ+α) differently using the double angle formula:

Rsinθcosα + Rsinαcosθ

2. (Rcosα)= 3 and (Rsinα)= 5.

"Express 3sinθ + 5cosθ in the form Rsin(θ+α)"

this is how you would work it out:

1. Expand Rsin(θ+α) differently using the double angle formula:

Rsinθcosα + Rsinαcosθ

2. (Rcosα)= 3 and (Rsinα)= 5.

Answered by Imogen | 7 years ago

If we decide to call Sinθ, X instead, just to make things look simpler, we can write the equation as this. Sinθ=X so 3X + 5x.

Now we know 3X just equals X+X+X and 5x just equals X+X+X+X+X, so if we add them together we get 8X!

If we think about what we did in the beginning, we can just change X back into Sinθ, like this, 8Sinθ.

The questions asks for the form Rsin(θ+a), so all we have to do is look at our answer, which is 8sinθ, and see what R and a equal. R is clearly 8, and theta has nothing added to it, so a must be zero.

Hope this helps, if you have any questions feel free to ask!

Now we know 3X just equals X+X+X and 5x just equals X+X+X+X+X, so if we add them together we get 8X!

If we think about what we did in the beginning, we can just change X back into Sinθ, like this, 8Sinθ.

The questions asks for the form Rsin(θ+a), so all we have to do is look at our answer, which is 8sinθ, and see what R and a equal. R is clearly 8, and theta has nothing added to it, so a must be zero.

Hope this helps, if you have any questions feel free to ask!

Hi Matt. I think you made an error when posting it, one factor should be in cos(theta).

Answered by Octavian | 7 years ago

I think you have made a mistake with your question, I think you meant to write 3sinθ+5cosθ. If that`s what you meant then if you expand Rsin(θ+α)=Rsinθcosα +Rcosθsinα

Then equate coefficients:

3sinθ=Rsinθcosα therefore 3=Rcosα

and 5cosθ = Rcosθsinα therefore 5= Rsinα

dive the last two equations Rsinα / Rcosα =tanα = 5/3

square and add you get 9+25 = R squared (since square of sine + square of cos is 1), so R=root of 34

If your original question was correct then 3sinθ+5sinθ = 8sinθ

so R=8 and α = 0

Good luck with your studies.

Then equate coefficients:

3sinθ=Rsinθcosα therefore 3=Rcosα

and 5cosθ = Rcosθsinα therefore 5= Rsinα

dive the last two equations Rsinα / Rcosα =tanα = 5/3

square and add you get 9+25 = R squared (since square of sine + square of cos is 1), so R=root of 34

If your original question was correct then 3sinθ+5sinθ = 8sinθ

so R=8 and α = 0

Good luck with your studies.

Answered by Farid | 7 years ago

3sin# + 5 sin# = 8 sin#

So problem solved.

I think the question was incorrect.

So problem solved.

I think the question was incorrect.

I think `α` is meant for the periodicity, so its 180 degree. So the answer is

3*sinθ + 5*sinθ = 8*sin(θ+180)

BW

T

3*sinθ + 5*sinθ = 8*sin(θ+180)

BW

T